Job enlargement, a job design technique in which the number of tasks associated with a job is increased and appropriate training provided to add greater variety to activities, thus reducing monotony. The difference between job enrichment and job enlargement is quality and quantity. While job enlargement is limited in that it does not provide the additional responsibilities or authority that job enrichment does, it is useful in reducing some of the monotony associated with doing the same thing dayin and dayout. Job enlargement and job enrichment are the most confused terms and people usually assume both are same and very often use both these terms interchangeably, but there exist major differences between these two terms. To motivate employees, find a balance between job enrichment and job enlargement next article. Job redesign is the restructuring of the elements of work including tasks, duties and responsibilities of a specific job in order to make it more encouraging and inspiring for the employees or workers alber, 2007. Job design involves organizing tasks, duties and responsibilities into a unit of work to achieve. In other words, job enlargement means increasing the scope of duties and responsibilities of an individual by adding the related activities to his existing job profile and generally without any change in his authority and his level in the hierarchy in the organization. Involving the workers to managerial functions of the higher ranks is called job enrichment. Job enrichment adds new sources of job satisfaction by increasing the level of responsibility of the employee. Abstract the purpose of this paper is to examine job enrichment and job rotation how these programs can motivate employees to do their jobs better and the ways that managers use job enrichment and rotation to motivate employees. There are several common approaches to make the work place better, but its all up to the employees to put in good quality day of work. Job enrichment definition, benefits, and tips cleverism. Pdf impact of job rotation on organizational performance.
Every individual aspires to grow professionally and reach the pinnacle of success within the shortest possible time frame. Job enlargement means taking charge of more task, duties and responsibilities, which are not stated in the job description. Job enlargement involves performing a variety of jobs or operations at the same time. While job enlargement is considered a horizontal restructuring method, job enrichment is a vertical restructuring method by virtue of giving. Dec 27, 2012 principles underlying job enlargement, job enrichment and job rotation 1. By job enrichment, an employee finds satisfaction in respect to their position and personal. Differences between job enlargement and job rotation answers. Importance of job rotation, enrichment and enlargement in. A job design technique that is a variation on the concept of job enlargement. Despite these similarities, they differ from each other in the following few ways.
Principles underlying job enlargement, job enrichment and. Job enrichment gives more control and managerial access to perform tasks and responsibilities. The company tracks his performance on every job and decides whether he can perform the job in an ideal manner. Job enrichment can be contrasted to job enlargement which simply increases the number of tasks without changing the challenge. Job rotation, enlargement, enrichment example essay 767. The effects of job rotation practices on motivation. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Job rotation, job enlargement, job enrichment, skill variety organizational psychology social sciences psychology business management. It is a vertical expansion of the job as opposed to the horizontal expansion of a job, which is called job enlargement. Difference between job enlargement and job enrichment.
Job rotation is a well planned management approach that is beneficial both for employees and management. This article defines job enrichment as being where jobs are extended vertically rather than horizontally, meaning that more satisfying jobs are created by adding work of a different level instead. Rotation, simplification, enlargement and enrichment of jobs. Job rotation is a wellplanned practice to reduce the boredom of doing same type of job everyday and explore the hidden potential of an employee. What are some examples of job enlargement, job rotation. Job enrichment gives better control and stronger administrative approach to perform tasks and responsibilities. Few of the outcomes of job rotation with respect to the individual are. Entrepreneur insider is your allaccess pass to the skills, experts, and network you need to get. Job enlargement l definition what is human resource. There are these three ways to make the employees happier and that is job enlargement, job rotation, and job enrichment. Job enlargement means increasing the scope of a job through extending the range of its job duties and responsibilities generally within the same level and periphery. There are three ways a manager can redesign an employees job. Job enlargement involves combining various activities at the same level in the organization and adding them to the existing job. Hr consultant catherine mattice zundel teaches job design techniques, including job analysis, job rotation, job enrichment, and job enlargement, and explains how to write job descriptions that effectively capture what employees actually do.
Allowing that, overall, it is a valid method for motivating the workforce, we dive deeper by presenting the guiding principles behind the theory, a threestep technique to help introduce it, and some best practices to set a good example. The rationale behind job enrichment is to motivate employees. We use job enrichment to make work more challenging and rewarding for our employees to make it easier. Job enlargement, job rotation, job enrichment essay 655.
Job enrichment is seen as a vertical job restructuring technique where the focus is on giving the employee more authority, independence, and control over the manner the activity is completed. To motivate employees, find a balance between job enrichment. According to aldag and brief 1979, the process includes revising, analyzing, altering, reforming and reshuffling the job related. Job enrichment is dependent on job enlargement, whereas job enlargement is not dependent on enrichment. Start studying job enrichment vs enlargement vs rotation. If job enrichment was to be useful, it would have to contribute to the attainment of that goal. Job enrichment and job enlargement job enrichment should be distinguished from enlargement job enlargement attempts to make a job more varied by removing the dullness associated with performing repetitive operations. Both job enrichment and job enlargement are motivational techniques, important forms of jobs redesign and help to enhance productivity and job satisfaction. Job enlargement, job enrichment, job rotation, and job. Anisur rahman presentation by anisur rahman marketing lecture in hindi. Job enrichment would imply improvement of the activities currently performed, or the ability to add personally satisfying changes to the work one currently does.
Difference between job enlargement and job enrichment and. Difference between job enlargement and job enrichment with. It can be contrasted to job enlargement which simply increases the number of tasks without changing the challenge. Job enrichment is horizontal on the other hand, job enlargement is more vertical expansion. Job rotation involves shifting a person from one job to another, so that he is able to understand and learn what each job involves. While the intention behind all the four is to motivate employees, develop skills and thus increase productivity, there are some differences in the way each approaches to motivate. What are the differences among job enrichment, job. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the relationship between the elements of job enrichment and organizational performance. Job enrichment is a way to motivate employees by giving them increased responsibility and variety in their jobs. Job enlargement is considered a horizontal restructuring method in that the job is enlarged by adding related tasks.
On the other hand enlarged jobs allow workers to perform more tasks by having same position. Job enrichment and job enlargement are one of these factors. Job enrichment is the addition to a job of tasks that increase the amount of employee control or responsibility. Job rotation job enlargement and job enrichment business essay. Jul 26, 2018 once job analysis is completed, it is followed by job design which involves continuous eforts in organizing activities or tasks, duties and responsibilities into work unit, to achieve the objectives. Job rotation, job enlargement, job enrichment request pdf. Job enlargement is a job redesign strategy that increases only the tasks of a particular job. Managers may modify the variety of tasks that employees perform to make jobs less boring and more satisfying through job enlargement and. Aug 27, 20 job enrichment and job enlargement job enrichment should be distinguished from enlargement job enlargement attempts to make a job more varied by removing the dullness associated with performing repetitive operations.
Nov 02, 2016 in this article, we take a closer look at what exactly job enrichment contains, what are its benefits and limitations to the employee and the company. Principles underlying job enlargement, job enrichment and job rotation 1. Despite these similarities, they differ from each other in. Job rotation enables the development of the employees skills, their organizational retention, reduces. Job enrichment means improvement, or an increase with the help of upgrading and development, whereas job enlargement means to add more duties, and an increased workload. It also investigated the level at which these elements are present in the task structure among the nonteaching staff in nigerian public universities. Job rotation is a management approach where employees are shifted between two or more assignments or jobs at regular intervals of time in order to expose them to all verticals of an organization. Principles underlying job enlargement, job enrichment and job.
In job enrichment, the attempt is to build in to jobs a higher sense of challenge and achievement. Job rotation, enlargement and enrichment uk essays. The lecture elaborates and describes those differences. Another motivational technique closely related to job enrichment is the job enlargement. Job enrichment provides an employee with more tasks to do as part of their job as. Keywords job enrichment, job enlargement, work life balance, sustainability, sustainable development, stress management introduction today organizations in the world are competing globally. Job rotation is the movement between different jobs. Hr consultant catherine mattice zundel teaches job design techniques, including job analysis, job rotation, job enrichment, and job enlargement, and explains how to write job descriptions that. Job enrichment and job enlargement are the steps used to make the employees feeling that the organization is actually owning them and that thing boost their performance on the job. Job enlargement is a job design technique wherein there is an increase in the number of tasks associated with a certain job. Job enlargement job enlargement is a job design technique wherein there is an increase in the number of tasks associated with a certain job. Mar 23, 2016 job enrichment is dependent on job enlargement, whereas job enlargement is not dependent on enrichment. Job enrichment is a vertical enlargement of job duties, providing the employee with tasks and responsibilities normally done by a senior employee or supervisor, and usually comes with more freedom and control over the planning, execution, and evaluation of job tasks.
Job enlargement involves the expansion of tasks for a specific role. Many employers traditionally believed that money was the only true motivating factor for employees and that if you wanted to get more work out of employees, offering them more money was the only way to do it. Once job analysis is completed, it is followed by job design which involves continuous eforts in organizing activities or tasks, duties and responsibilities into work unit, to achieve the objectives. In other words, it means increasing the scope of ones duties and responsibilities. Job enlargement means taking charge of more duties and responsibilities which are not mentioned in the job description. In this article, we take a closer look at what exactly job enrichment contains, what are its benefits and limitations to the employee and the company. The increase in scope is quantitative in nature and not qualitative and at the same level.
Job analysis provides job related data as well as the skill and knowledge expected of the incumbent to discharge the job. The process serves the purpose of both the management and the employees. It is a preplanned approach with an objective to test the employee skills and competencies in order to place him or her at the right place. Job rotation, enlargement, enrichment example essay 767 words. This has a direct impact on their satisfaction level in the organization while performing their duties. Role of job enrichment and job enlargement in work life balance. This avoids the employee becoming bored as with job rotation they are doing different jobs all the time and learning new skills. Job enlargement, job rotation, job enrichment essay 655 words. Impact of job rotation on organizational performance. While job enlargement is considered a horizontal restructuring method, job enrichment is a vertical restructuring method by virtue of giving the employee additional authority, autonomy, and control over the way the job is accomplished. This is done to provide additional challenge and interest for those in the role. Difference between job rotation, job enlargement and job. Models related to job design able to be classified as job rotation, job enlargement, job enrichment, job engineering, quality of worklife, social information processing approach and job characteristics approach developed by hackman and oldman in 1976 kiggundu, 1981, p.
In this article, we are going to learn the differences between these two. Show full abstract support,organizational rewards,culture, job distance, enough time, technology. Sep 20, 2017 there is some difference between job enlargement and job enrichment. Role of job enrichment and job enlargement in work life. The impact of job rotation on problem solving skills. It is an idea that was developed by the american psychologist frederick hertzberg in the 1950s. Job rotation is the management technique wherein an employee is shifted from one job role to the other, with the purpose of familiarizing him with all the verticals of an organization. What is the difference between job rotation and job. Job enrichment is an attempt to motivate employees by giving them the opportunity to use the range of their abilities. It helps management in discovering the talent of employees and determining what he or she is best at. A well planned job rotation programme in an organization has immense potential of positive impact on job satisfaction, engagement of people and finally on retention of people.
One day a person may be working in one part of the factory and the next day they may work in a different part. How does job enrichment differ from job enlargement answers. Job enlargement refers to adding a few more task elements horizontally. There are five approaches to job design, which are job rotation, job engineering, job enlargement, job enrichment, and sociotechnical system. What are the differences among job enrichment, job enlargement, job rotation, job specialization, and employee empowerment. The accumulation of achievement must lead to a felling of personal. Job enlargement job enlargement is a job redesign strategy that increases only the tasks of a particular job.
Lets discuss the importance of job rotation, enrichment and enlargement in career growth of an individual. Research that will soon appear in the international journal of human resource management shows that job rotation leads to higher individual performance in years following the job rotationthe. Differences between job enlargement and job rotation. Job enrichment vs enlargement vs rotation flashcards quizlet.466 602 802 256 681 1337 920 380 193 1591 692 881 627 503 1297 306 1366 138 361 2 1586 1349 267 552 1237 222 1650 1522 1064 599 571 1299 1652 433 1252 574 1148 1002 1290 287 916 63